What is your role?
Role of Central Public Authorities
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) provides the funds for agricultural land zoning, introduction of sustainable agricultural practices, identification of areas prone to the risk of soil erosion and measures for controlling such a risk, keeping in a proper operational state the drainage and dessication systems, as well as flood protection measures etc.
Ministerul Afacerilor Interne (MAI) asigură conducerea Comitetului Național pentru Situații de Urgență (CNSU), coordonează activitatea instituțiilor prefectului care asigură managementul riscului la inundații la nivel de județ, comunicarea către populație a pagubelor produse de pentru diminuarea acestora etc.
The Ministry of Transports and Infrastructure (MTI) ensures the provision of information on the infrastructure necessary for development of the River Basin Master Plan and of Flood Risk Management Plans, conducting studies and projects on the floodability of national roads and railways, reassessing the condition of bridges and culverts and related repair works, where required etc.
The Ministry of Development, Public Works and Administration (MDPWA).
The main responsibility of MDPWA in terms of flood risk management refers to the preparation and harmonization of norms on inhabited areas, including flood risk-prone areas.
The Ministry of Health (MH) has a very important role both before, during and after the floods occur. MH is in charge with informing the population of the risks of getting sick during floods and of relevant preventive measures, by providing medical aid and the sanitary transportation for the population in the areas affected by floods, control of the drinking water quality, assessment of the health condition of affected communities and adoption of rehabilitation and recovery measures etc.
The Ministry of Education (ME) ensures the achievement of research and development projects related to the flood risk control, promotion and support for the implementation of projects and programs aimed at shaping and growing, in children and young people, a responsible attitude towards the flood risk etc.
The Ministry of Finance (MF) endorses the technical and economic indicators of feasibility studies concerning the flood risk management, conducted from public funds. MF develops economic mechanisms aimed at ensuring the necessary funds for improving the safe operating conditions of hydrotechnical constructions and facilities with a role in the flood risk control, as well as for developing new works.
Role of other institutions, authorities and trading companies
The „Romanian Waters” National Administration (ANAR) is the public institution managing, operating, maintaining and upgrading the National Water Management infrastructure. ANAR ensures the sustainable water resources management, applies strategies and policies in the water sector and takes flood protective measures through water management works under its coordination.
The National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management (INHGA) has the following responsibilities related to the flood risk management: the preparation of hydrologic forecast and issuance of hydrologic warning; involvement in the preparation of flood hazard and risk maps; development of guiding schemes for river basin arrangement and management, various other studies substantiating measures in the water management field.
The National Meteorological Administration (ANM). As regards the flood risk management, ANM has the following responsibilities: to ensure the monitoring of meteorological phenomena; to develop forecasts and issue meteorological warnings on various time intervals; to maintain web application for disseminating meteorological data and warnings, including mapping products on temperatures and rainfalls, radar images for the areas affected by dangerous phenomena, data from meteorological modeling etc.
Societatea de Producere a Energiei Electrice în Hidrocentrale Hidroelectrica S.A. (SPEEH Hidroelectrica – S.A.) As the holder of the main national hydro-energetic facilities, most of which also with the role of alleviating or safely transiting flash floods, HIDROELECTRICA S.A. performs various preventive, operative or post-flood activities.
Compania Națională De Autostrăzi și Drumuri Naționale Din România – S.A. (the National Company for Road Infrastructure Administration)(C.N.A.D.N.R.) ensures the organization of interventions necessary for eliminating damages, restrictions or other situations caused by floods on national roads and on highways, as well as on related bridges; the design, building, modernization, rehabilitation, repair, maintenance and operation of roads of national interest, in order to have a safe road traffic under emergency situations caused by floods. In the case of emergency situations caused by floods, C.N.A.D.N.R. will act as soon as possible in order to restore the affected national road infrastructure.
The General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations (IGSU) ensures the permanent Technical Secretariat of the National Committee for Emergency Situations and carries out many key activities, especially for flood intervention, as well as for prevention and recovery of areas affected by flooding. Within IGSU, there is also the National Operational Center for Emergency Situations.
Inspectoratul de Stat în Construcții (the State Inspectorate for Constructions) (ISC) conducts various expert appraisals and provides technical endorsements for constructions in floodable areas, assesses the damages caused to constructions affected by floods, etc. ISC exerts the state control over the compliance with the key requirements for constructions which are erected in floodable areas; it exerts the state control over the compliance with the provisions of normatives applicable to thee conduct in urban and territorial planning.
River Basin Committees – The River Basin Committee is the main working body endorsing flood risk management plans, flood hazard maps and flood risk maps and ensures the public consultation of stakeholders and cooperates with the Ministerial Committee for Emergency Situations within the central public authority in the water sector, with the „Romanian Waters” National Administration and with other similar bodies, as applicable, in terms of flood protection plans and regulations.
Each river basin committee is made up of no more than 21 members appointed under the terms of the Water law and is chaired by a president and a vice-president, elected by open vote among the members for a 4-year office.
The full list of ANAR tasks related to the flood risk management, as well as of the other public institutions, authorities and of S.C. Hidroelectrica S.A. is to be found in the National Strategy for the Flood Risk Management.